Chapter 1. General Provisions
of the Nederland ICT Terms and Conditions
1.1 These Nederland ICT Terms and
Conditions apply to all offers and contracts pursuant to which the supplier
delivers goods and/or provides services of any nature whatsoever and under
whatever name to the customer.
1.2 Departures from and additions to
these general terms and conditions shall only be valid if they are agreed
between the parties in writing.
1.3 The applicability of the customer’s
purchasing or other conditions is specifically excluded..
1.4 If any provision of these general
terms and conditions is null and void or is voided, the other provisions of
these general terms and conditions shall remain fully in effect. The supplier
and the customer shall in this case consult each other for the purpose of
agreeing new provisions to replace the null and void or voided provisions.
2.1All offers and other communications
of the supplier are subject to confirmation unless the supplier has indicated
otherwise in writing..The customer guarantees that the
information that it has provided or that has been provided on its behalf to the
supplier and on which the supplier has based its offer is accurate and
3 Price and payment
3.1All prices are exclusive of
turnover tax (VAT) and other levies imposed by the government..All
prices stated by the supplier are in euros (EUR) and the customer must make all
payments in euros.
3.2The customer may
not derive any rights or expectations from a cost estimate or budget issued by
the supplier unless the parties have otherwise agreed in writing.
An available budget made known to the supplier by the customer shall only apply
as a (fixed) price agreed between the parties for the performance to be
delivered by the supplier if this has been expressly agreed in writing.
3.3If, according to the contract
concluded between the parties, the customer consists of several natural persons
and/or legal entities, each of these natural persons and/or legal entities
shall be jointly and severally liable towards the supplier for performance of
3.4Information from the supplier’s
records shall count as conclusive evidence with respect to the performance
delivered by the supplier and the amounts owed by the customer for delivery of
this performance, without prejudice to the customer’s right to produce evidence
to the contrary.
3.5If a periodic payment obligation on
the part of the customer applies, the supplier shall be entitled to adjust, in
writing and in accordance with the index or other standard included in the
contract, the applicable prices and rates to the term specified in the
contract. If the contract does not expressly provide for the possibility on the
part of the supplier to adjust the prices or rates, the supplier shall always
be entitled to adjust, in writing and with due observance of a term of at least
three months, the applicable prices and rates. If the customer does not agree
to the adjustment in this latter case, the customer shall be entitled to
terminate the contract in writing within thirty days following notice of the
adjustment, which termination shall take effect on the date on which the new
prices and/or rates would take effect.
3.6The parties shall record the date
or dates on which the supplier shall charge the customer for the performance
agreed in the contract. Amounts owed must be paid by the customer in accordance
with the agreed payment terms or the payment terms stated on the invoice. The
customer may not suspend any payment and may also not set off any amounts owed.
3.7If the customer fails to pay
amounts due or fails to do so on time, the customer shall owe statutory
interest for commercial contracts on the outstanding amount without a demand
for payment or a notice of default being required. If the customer fails to pay
the amount due after a demand for payment or a notice of default has been
issued, the supplier shall be entitled to refer the debt for collection, in
which case the customer must pay all judicial and extrajudicial costs,
including all costs charged by external experts. The foregoing shall be without
prejudice to the supplier’s other legal and contractual rights.
4 Term of the contract
4.1If and insofar as the contract
concluded between the parties is a continuing performance contract, the
contract shall be entered into for the term agreed between the parties. A term
of one year shall apply if no term has been agreed.
4.2The term of the contract shall be
tacitly extended, each time by the period of time originally agreed, unless the
customer or supplier terminate the contract in writing with due observance of a
notice period of three months prior to the end of the current term.
and transfer of personnel
5.1The customer and supplier must
ensure that all information received from the other party that the receiving
party knows or should reasonably know is confidential is kept secret. This duty
of confidentiality shall not apply to the supplier if and insofar as the
supplier is required to provide the information concerned to a third party in
accordance with a court decision or a statutory requirement, or if and insofar
as doing so is necessary for the proper performance of the contract by the
supplier. The party that receives the confidential information may only use it
for the purpose for which it was provided. Information shall in any case be
deemed to be confidential if it has been qualified as such by one of the
5.2The customer acknowledges that
software originating from the supplier is always confidential in nature and
that this software contains trade secrets of the supplier and its suppliers or
the producer of the software.
5.3During the term of the contract and
for one year following its termination, each of the parties shall not employ or
otherwise directly or indirectly engage, for the purpose of performing work,
employees of the other party who are or were involved in the performance of the
contract unless the other party has given prior written permission. Conditions
may be attached to this permission, including the condition that the customer
must pay reasonable compensation to the supplier.
and data processing
6.1If necessary for the performance of
the contract, the customer shall on request inform the supplier in writing
about the way in which the customer performs its legal obligations regarding
the protection of personal data.
6.2The customer indemnifies the supplier
against claims of persons whose personal data is recorded or processed in the
context of a register of personal data that is maintained by the customer or
for which the customer is otherwise responsible by law, unless the customer
proves that the facts on which a claim is based are attributable to the
6.3The customer is fully responsible
for the data that it processes in the context of using a service of the
supplier. The customer guarantees vis-à-vis the supplier that the content, use
and/or processing of the data are not unlawful and do not infringe any right of
a third party. The customer indemnifies the supplier against any claim of a
third party instituted for whatever reason in connection with this data or the
performance of the contract.
7.1If the supplier is obliged to
provide for a form of information security under the contract, this security
shall meet the specifications agreed in writing between the parties regarding
security. The supplier does not guarantee that the information security
provided is effective under all circumstances. If the contract does not include
an explicitly defined security method, the security provided shall meet a
standard that is not unreasonable in terms of the state of the art, the
sensitivity of the information and the costs associated with the security
7.2The access or identification codes
and certificates provided by or because of the supplier to the customer are
confidential and must be treated as such by the customer, and may only be made
known to authorised personnel in the customer’s own organisation. The supplier
is entitled to change the access or identification codes and certificates..
7.3The customer must adequately secure
its systems and infrastructure and have active antivirus software protection at
8 Retention of title, reservation of rights and suspension
8.1All items delivered to the customer
shall remain the property of the supplier until all amounts owed by the
customer to the supplier under the contract concluded between the parties have
been paid to the supplier in full. A customer that acts as a reseller may sell
and supply all items that are subject to the supplier’s retention of title
insofar as doing so is usual in the context of the customer’s ordinary course
8.2The property-law consequences of
the retention of title with respect to an item destined for export shall be
governed by the laws of the State of destination if those laws contain
provisions that are more favourable to the supplier.
8.3As and when necessary, rights shall
be granted or transferred to the customer subject to the condition that the
customer has paid all amounts owed under the contract.
8.4The supplier may retain all
information, documents, software and/or data files received or created in the
context of the contract in spite of an existing obligation to hand over or
transfer until the customer has paid all amounts owed to the supplier.
9.1The risk of loss, theft,
misappropriation or damage of items, information (including user names, codes
and passwords), documents, software or data files that are created, supplied or
used in the context of performing the contract shall pass to the customer at
the time at which the customer or an auxiliary person of the customer comes
into actual possession of the items and information referred to.
10 Intellectual Property
If the supplier is prepared to undertake to transfer an
intellectual property right, such a commitment may only be undertaken expressly
and in writing. If the parties agree in writing that an intellectual property
right with respect to software, websites, data files, equipment or other
materials specifically developed for the customer shall transfer to the
customer, this shall be without prejudice to the supplier’s right or option to
use and/or operate, either for itself or for third parties and without any
restriction, the parts, general principles, ideas, designs, algorithms, documentation,
works, programming languages, protocols, standards and the like on which the
developments referred to are based for other purposes. The transfer of an
intellectual property right shall likewise be without prejudice to the
supplier’s right to complete developments, either for itself or for a third
party, that are similar to or derived from developments that were or are being
completed for the customer.
All intellectual property rights to the software, websites, data
files, equipment and training, testing and examination materials, as well as
other materials like analyses, designs, documentation, reports and offers,
including preparatory materials in this regard, developed or made available to
the customer under the contract are held exclusively by the supplier, its
licensors or its suppliers. The customer shall have the rights of use expressly
granted under these general terms and conditions, the contract concluded in
writing between the parties and the law. A right accorded to the customer is
non-exclusive and may not be transferred, pledged or sublicensed.
The customer may not remove or change any indication concerning
the confidential nature of or concerning the copyrights, brands, trade names or
any other intellectual property right pertaining to the software, websites,
data files, equipment or materials, or have any such indication removed or
Even if not expressly provided for in the contract, the supplier
may always take technical measures to protect equipment, data files, websites,
software made available, software to which the customer is granted direct or
indirect access, and the like in connection with an agreed limitation in terms
of the content or duration of the right of use of these items. The customer may
not remove or bypass such technical measures or have such technical measures
removed or bypassed..
The supplier indemnifies the customer against any claim of a third
party based on the allegation that software, websites, data files, equipment or
other materials developed by the supplier itself infringe an intellectual
property right of that third party, subject to the condition that the customer
immediately informs the supplier in writing about the existence and content of
the claim and leaves the settlement of the claim, including any arrangements
made in this regard, entirely to the supplier. The customer shall provide the
powers of attorney and information required to the supplier and assist the
supplier to defend itself against such claims. This obligation to indemnity shall
not apply if the alleged infringement concerns (i) materials made available to
the supplier by the customer for use, modification, processing or maintenance
or (ii) changes made or commissioned by the customer in the software, website,
data files, equipment or other materials without the supplier’s written
permission. If it is irrevocably established in court that software, websites,
data files, equipment or other materials developed by the supplier itself is or
are infringing any intellectual property right held by a third party, or if, in
the opinion of the supplier, there is a good chance that such an infringement
is occurring, the supplier shall if possible ensure that the customer can
continue to use, or use functional equivalents of, the software, websites, data
files, equipment or materials supplied. Any other or further obligation to
indemnify on the part of the supplier due to infringement of a third party’s
intellectual property right is excluded.
The customer guarantees that making equipment, software, material
intended for websites, data files and/or other materials and/or designs
available to the supplier for the purpose of use, maintenance, processing,
installation or integration does not infringe any rights of third parties. The
customer indemnifies the supplier against any claim of a third party based on
the allegation that such making available, use, maintenance, processing,
installation or integration infringes a right of that third party.
The supplier is never obliged to perform data conversion unless
doing so has been expressly agreed in writing with the customer.
The parties acknowledge that the success of work in the field of
information and communications technology depends on proper and timely
cooperation between the parties. The customer shall always extend, in a timely
manner, the cooperation reasonably required by the supplier.
The customer bears the risk of selecting the items, goods and/or
services to be provided by the supplier.
The customer must always exercise the utmost care to guarantee that the
requirements that the supplier’s performance must meet are accurate and
complete. Measurements and particulars given in drawings, images, catalogues,
websites, offers, advertising material, standardisation sheets and the like are
not binding for the supplier unless expressly stated otherwise by the supplier.
If the customer deploys employees and/or auxiliary persons in the
performance of the contract, these employees and auxiliary persons must have
the knowledge and experience required.
If the supplier’s employees perform work at the customer’s location, the customer
must provide, on time and free of charge, the facilities required, such as a
workspace with computer and network facilities. The supplier shall not be
liable for damage or costs due to transmission errors, malfunctions or the
non-availability of these facilities unless the customer proves that this
damage or these costs are the result of deliberate intent or recklessness on
the part of the supplier’s management..
The workspace and facilities must meet all legal requirements. The
customer indemnifies the supplier against claims of third parties, including
the supplier's employees, who suffer injury in the context of performing the
contract as a result of acts or omissions of the customer or unsafe situations
in the customer’s organisation. The customer shall make the company and
security rules current in its organisation known to employees deployed by the
supplier prior to the start of the work.
If, in connection with the supplier’s services and products, the
customer makes software, equipment or other resources available to the
supplier, the customer guarantees that all licences or approvals that the
supplier may require in relation to these resources shall be obtained.
The customer is responsible for the management, including checking
the settings, and use of the products supplied and/or services provided by the
supplier, and the way in which the results of the products and services are
used. The customer is also responsible for appropriately instructing users and
for the use made by users.
The customer shall itself install, organise, parameterise and tune
the software and support software required on its own equipment and, if
necessary, modify the equipment, other software and support software and
operating environment used in this regard, and effect the interoperability that
to provide information
To enable proper performance of the contract by the supplier, the
customer shall always provide all information reasonably required by the
supplier to the supplier in a timely manner.
The customer guarantees that the information, designs and
specifications that it has provided to the supplier is or are accurate and
complete. If the information, designs or specifications provided by the
customer contain inaccuracies apparent to the supplier, the supplier shall
contact the customer to make enquiries about the matter.
In connection with continuity, the customer shall designate a contact
person or contact persons who shall act in that capacity for the duration of
the supplier’s work. The customer’s contact persons shall have the experience
required, specific knowledge of the subject matter and a proper understanding
of the objectives that the customer wishes to achieve.
The supplier is only obliged to periodically provide information
concerning the performance of the work to the customer through the contact
person designated by the customer.
and steering groups
If both parties are participating in a project or steering group
through one or more employees that they have deployed, the provision of
information shall take place in the manner agreed for the project or steering
Decisions made in a project or steering group in which both
parties are participating shall only be binding for the supplier if the
decisions are made in accordance with that which has been agreed between the
parties in writing in this regard or, in the absence of written agreements in
this context, if the supplier has accepted the decisions in writing. The
supplier is never obliged to accept or implement a decision if, in its opinion,
the decision cannot be reconciled with the content and/or proper performance of
The customer guarantees that the persons that it has designated to
participate in a project or steering group are authorised to make decisions
that are binding for the customer.
The supplier shall make reasonable efforts to comply to the
greatest extent possible with the terms and delivery periods and/or dates and
delivery dates, whether or not these are firm deadlines and/or dates, that it
has specified or that have been agreed between the parties. The interim dates
and delivery dates specified by the supplier or agreed between the parties
shall always apply as target dates, shall not bind the supplier and shall
always be indicative.
If a term is likely to be exceeded, the supplier and customer
shall consult with each other about the consequences of the term being exceeded
in relation to further planning.
In all cases, therefore also if the parties have agreed firm
deadlines and delivery periods or dates and delivery dates, the supplier shall
only be in default as a result of a period of time being exceeded after the
customer has declared the supplier to be in default in writing and a reasonable
term that the customer granted to the supplier to remedy the breach has passed.
The notice of default must describe the breach as comprehensively and in as
much detail as possible in order to give the supplier the opportunity to
If it has been agreed that the work under the contract is to be
performed in phases, the supplier shall be entitled to postpone the start of a
phase’s work until the customer has approved the results of the preceding phase
The supplier shall not be bound by a date or delivery date or term
or delivery period, whether or not final, if the parties have agreed an
amendment to the content or scope of the contract (additional work, a change of
specifications and so on) or a change in approach with respect to performance
of the contract, or if the customer fails to fulfil its obligations arising
from the contract or fails to do so on time or in full. The need for or
occurrence of additional work during performance of the contract shall never
constitute a reason for the customer to give notice of termination or to
rescind (in Dutch: ‘ontbinden’) the contract.
and cancellation of the contract
Each party shall only be authorised to rescind the contract due to
an attributable failure in the performance of the contract if the other party,
in all cases after a written notice of default that is as detailed as possible
and that grants a reasonable term to remedy the breach has been issued, is
culpably failing to fulfil essential obligations under the contract. The
customer’s payment obligations and all obligations of the customer or a third
party engaged by the customer to cooperate and/or provide information apply in
all cases as essential obligations under the contract.
If, at the time of rescission, the customer has already received
goods or services in the performance of the contract, these goods or services
and the associated payment obligations shall not be undone unless the customer
proves that the supplier is in default with respect to the essential part of
such goods or services. With due regard to the stipulation of the preceding
sentence, amounts invoiced by the supplier prior to rescission in connection
with what it already properly performed or delivered in the performance of the
contract shall remain payable in full and shall become immediately due and
payable at the time of termination.
A contract which, due to its nature and content, does not
end in completion and which has been entered into for an indefinite period of
time may be terminated by either of the parties in writing following
consultation between the parties. Reasons for the termination must be stated.
If a notice period has not been agreed between the parties, a reasonable period
must be observed when notice of termination is given. The supplier is never
obliged to pay any compensation due to termination.
The customer may not terminate a contract of engagement that has
been entered into for a definite period of time.
Either of the parties may terminate the contract in writing, in
whole or in part, without notice of default being required and with immediate
effect, if the other party is granted a moratorium, whether or not provisional,
a petition for bankruptcy is filed for the other party or the company of the
other party is liquidated or dissolved other than for restructuring or a merger
of companies. The supplier may also terminate the contract, in whole or in
part, without notice of default being required and with immediate effect, if a
direct or indirect change occurs in the decisive control of the customer’s
company. The supplier is never obliged to repay any amount in money already
received or pay any amount in compensation due to termination as referred to in
this paragraph. If the customer goes irrevocably bankrupt, its right to use the
software, websites and the like made available to it shall end, as shall its
right to access and/or use the supplier’s services, without termination by the
supplier being required.
of the supplier
The supplier’s total liability due to an attributable failure in
the performance of the contract or on any legal basis whatsoever, expressly
including each and every failure to fulfil a warranty obligation agreed with
the customer, shall be limited to compensation for direct loss up to a maximum
of the price stipulated for the contract concerned (excluding VAT). If the
contract is mainly a continuing performance contract with a term of more than
one year, the price stipulated for the contract shall be set at the total
amount of the payments (excluding VAT) stipulated for one year. The supplier’s
total liability for direct loss, on any legal basis whatsoever, shall never
amount to more than EUR 500.000 (five hundred thousand euros), however.
The supplier’s total liability for loss due to death or bodily
injury or as a result of material damage to items shall never amount to more
than EUR 1.250.000 (one million two hundred fifty thousand euros).
The supplier’s liability for indirect loss, consequential loss,
loss of profits, lost savings, reduced goodwill, loss due to business
interruption, loss as a result of claims of the customer’s customers, loss
arising from the use of items, materials or software of third parties
prescribed by the customer to the supplier and loss arising from the engagement
of suppliers prescribed by the customer to the supplier is excluded. The
supplier’s liability for corruption, destruction or loss of data or documents
is likewise excluded.
The exclusions and limitations of the supplier’s liability
described paragraphs 16.1 up to and including 16.3 are entirely without
prejudice to the other exclusions and limitations of the supplier’s liability
described in these general terms and conditions.
The exclusions and limitations referred to in paragraphs 16.1 up
to and including 16.4 shall cease to apply if and insofar as the loss is the
result of deliberate intent or recklessness on the part of the supplier’s
Unless performance by the supplier is permanently impossible, the
supplier shall only be liable due to an attributable failure in the performance
of a contract if the customer declares the supplier to be in default in writing
without delay and grants the supplier a reasonable term to remedy the breach,
and the supplier culpably fails to fulfil its obligations also after this term
The notice of default must describe the breach as comprehensively and in as
much detail as possible in order to give the supplier the opportunity to
For there to be any right to compensation, the customer must
always report the loss to the supplier in writing as soon as possible after the
loss has occurred..Each claim for compensation against the
supplier shall be barred by the mere expiry of a period of 24 months following
the inception of the claim unless the customer has instituted a legal action
for damages prior to the expiry of this period.
The customer indemnifies the supplier against any and all claims
of third parties due to product liability as a result of a defect in a product
or system that the customer supplied to a third party and that consisted in
part of equipment, software or other materials supplied by the supplier, unless
and insofar the customer is able to prove that the loss was caused by the
equipment, software or other materials referred to.
The provisions of this article and all other limitations and
exclusions of liability referred to in these general terms and conditions shall
also apply for the benefit of all natural persons and legal entities that the
supplier engages in the performance of the contract.
None of the parties shall be obliged to fulfil any obligation, including
any statutory and/or agreed warranty obligation, if it is prevented from doing
so by force majeure. Force majeure on the part of the supplier means, among
other things: (i) force majeure on the part of the suppliers of the supplier,
(ii) the failure to properly fulfil obligations on the part of suppliers that
were prescribed to the supplier by the customer, (iii) defects in items,
equipment, software or materials of third parties the use of which was
prescribed to the supplier by the customer, (iv) government measures, (v) power
failures, (vi) Internet, data network or telecommunication facilities failures,
(vii) war and (viii) general transport problems.
Either of the parties shall have the right to rescind the contract
in writing if a situation of force majeure persists for more than 60 days..In such
an event, that which has already been performed under the contract shall be
paid for on a proportional basis without the parties owing each other anything
and additional work
If, at the request or prior consent of the customer, the supplier
has performed work or supplied goods or services that is or are outside the
scope of the agreed work and/or provision of goods or services, the customer
shall pay for this work or provision of goods or services in accordance with
the agreed rates or, if no rates have been agreed between the parties, in
accordance with the supplier’s usual rates.
The supplier is not obliged to honour such a request and may require that a
separate contract be concluded in writing for the purpose.
Insofar as a fixed price has been agreed for the provision of
services, the supplier shall on request inform the customer in writing about
the financial consequences of the additional work or additional provision of
goods or services as referred to in this article.
of rights and obligations
The customer may not sell, transfer or pledge its rights and
obligations under a contract to a third party.
The supplier is entitled to sell, transfer or pledge its claims to
payment of amounts owed to a third party.
Law and Disputes
Contracts between the supplier and customer are governed by Dutch
law..The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International
Sale of Goods (CISG) does not apply.
Disputes that arise by reason of the contract concluded between
the parties and/or by reason of any further contracts deriving from it shall be
resolved by arbitration in accordance with the Arbitration Regulations of the
Foundation for the Settlement of Automation Disputes (Stichting
Geschillenoplossing Automatisering - SGOA), which has its registered office in
The Hague, the Netherlands, the foregoing without prejudice to the right of
each party to request preliminary relief in summary arbitral proceedings and
without prejudice to the right of each party to take precautionary measures.
Arbitration proceedings shall take place in The Hague.
If a dispute that arises by reason of the contract concluded
between the parties or by reason of any further contracts deriving from it is
within the jurisdiction of the cantonal court (in Dutch: kantongerecht), each
party, in derogation from the provisions of Article 20.2, shall be entitled to
bring the case before the legally competent court as a cantonal court case. The
parties shall only be entitled to take the afore- mentioned action if
arbitration proceedings concerning the dispute have not yet been instituted in
accordance with the provisions of Article 20.2. If, with due observance of the
provisions of Article 20.3, one or more of the parties have brought the case
before the legally competent court in order for it to be heard and settled, the
cantonal court judge of that court shall be competent to hear and settle the
Regarding a dispute that arises by reason of the contract
concluded between the parties or by reason of any further contracts deriving
from it, each party shall in all cases be entitled to institute ICT mediation
proceedings in accordance with the ICT Mediation Regulations of the Foundation
for the Settlement of Automation Disputes. The other party must then actively
participate in ICT mediation proceedings that have been instituted. This
legally enforceable obligation in any case includes attending at least one
joint meeting of mediators and the parties to give this extrajudicial form of
dispute resolution a chance of success. Each party shall be free to terminate
the ICT mediation proceedings at any time after a joint first meeting of
mediators and the parties. The provisions of this paragraph do not prevent a
party from requesting preliminary relief in summary arbitral proceedings or
from taking precautionary measures if the party deems doing so necessary.
Chapter 2. Provision of Services
The supplier shall perform its services with care to the best of
its ability, if applicable in accordance with the agreements and procedures
agreed in writing with the customer. All services by the supplier shall be
performed on the basis of an obligation to use best endeavours unless and
insofar as the supplier has expressly promised a result in the written contract
and the result concerned has also been defined with sufficient determinability
in the contract.
The supplier shall not be liable for loss or costs that are the
result of the use or misuse of access or identification codes or certificates
unless the misuse is the direct result of deliberate intent or recklessness on
the part of the supplier’s management.
If the contract has been entered into with a view to performance
by one specific person, the supplier shall always be entitled to replace this
person with one or more persons who have the same and/or similar
The supplier is not obliged to follow the customer’s instructions
in the performance of its services, particularly not if these instructions
change or add to the content and scope of the agreed services. If such
instructions are followed, however, payment shall be made for the work
concerned in accordance with the supplier’s usual rates.
Any agreements concerning a service level (Service Level
Agreements) shall only be expressly agreed in writing. The customer shall
always inform the supplier without delay about any circumstances that affect or
that could affect the service level and its availability.
If agreements about a service level have been made, the
availability of software, systems and related services shall always be measured
such that unavailability due to preventive, corrective or adaptive maintenance
or other forms of service announced by the supplier in advance and
circumstances beyond the supplier’s control are not taken into account. The
availability measured by the supplier shall count as conclusive evidence,
subject to evidence to the contrary produced by the customer.
If the services provided to the customer under the contract
include making backups of the customer’s data, the supplier shall make a
complete backup of the customer’s data in its possession in accordance with the
periods agreed in writing or once a week if such periods have not been agreed.
The supplier shall retain the backup for the duration of the agreed term or for
the duration of the supplier’s usual term if agreements have not been made in
this regard. The supplier shall retain the backup with due care.
The customer remains responsible for the fulfilment of all
administrative and retention obligations that apply to it by law.
Chapter 3. Software as a Service (SaaS)
The provisions of this ‘Software as a Service’ chapter shall apply
in addition to the general provisions of these general terms and conditions and
the provisions of the ‘Provision of services’ chapter if the supplier performs
services under the name or in the field of Software as a Service (SaaS).
For the application of these general terms and conditions, SaaS
means a service by which the supplier makes software available to the customer
remotely through the Internet or another data network, and maintains this
availability remotely, without providing a physical carrier with the software
concerned to the customer.
3. Software as a Service (SaaS)
The supplier shall only provide SaaS on the instructions of the
customer. The customer may not allow third parties to make use of the services
provided by the supplier in the field of SaaS.
If the supplier performs work relating to the data of the
customer, its employees or users pursuant to a request or a competently issued
order of a government agency or in connection with a legal obligation, all
costs associated with this work shall be charged to the customer.
The supplier may change the content or scope of the SaaS delivery
model. If such changes result in a change in the customer’s current procedures,
the supplier shall inform the customer about the matter as soon as possible and
the costs of this change shall be borne by the customer. The customer may in
this case give notice of termination of the contract, which termination shall
then take effect on the date on which the change takes effect, unless the
change is related to changes in relevant legislation or other instructions
issued by competent bodies, or the supplier bears the costs of this change.
The supplier may continue to provide SaaS using a new or modified
version of the software. The supplier is not obliged to maintain, modify or add
certain features or functionalities of the service or software specifically for
The supplier may temporarily put all or part of the SaaS out of
operation for preventive, corrective or adaptive maintenance or other forms of
service. The supplier shall not allow the period during which the service is
out of operation to last longer than necessary and shall ensure if possible
that this period occurs outside office hours.
The supplier is never obliged to provide a physical carrier to the
customer that contains the software provided to and held by the customer in the
context of the SaaS.
The supplier does not guarantee that the software made available
and held in the context of the SaaS is free of errors and functions without
interruption. The supplier shall make efforts to fix the errors in the software
referred to in Article 30.3 within a reasonable term if and insofar as the
matter concerns software developed by the supplier itself and the customer has
provided a detailed, written description of the defects concerned to the
supplier. Where there are grounds for doing so, the supplier may postpone the
fixing of defects until a new version of the software is put into operation.
The supplier does not guarantee that defects in software that it has not
developed itself shall be fixed. The supplier is entitled to install temporary
solutions, program bypasses or problem-avoiding limitations in the software. If
the software was developed on the instructions of the customer, the supplier
may charge for the costs of fixing to the customer in accordance with the
supplier’s usual rates.
Based on the information provided by the supplier concerning
measures to prevent and limit the effects of malfunctions, defects in the SaaS,
corruption or loss of data or other incidents, the customer shall identify and
list the risks to its organisation and take additional measures if necessary.
The supplier declares that it is prepared to provide assistance, at the
customer’s request, to the extent reasonable and according to the financial and
other conditions set by the supplier, with respect to further measures to be taken
by the customer. The supplier is never obliged to recover data that has been
corrupted or lost.
The supplier does not guarantee that the software made available
and held in the context of the SaaS shall be adapted to changes in relevant
legislation and regulations on time.
of personal data
Under legislation pertaining to the processing of personal data,
such as the Personal Data Protection Act, the customer has obligations towards
third parties, such as the obligation to provide information and allow the
person concerned to inspect his or her personal data, and correct and delete
the personal data of the person concerned. The customer is fully and solely
responsible for the fulfilment of these obligations. The parties maintain that
the supplier is the ‘processor’ within the meaning of the Personal Data
Protection Act with respect to the processing of personal data.
To the extent that doing so is technically possible, the supplier
shall provide support in the context of the obligations that the customer must
fulfil as referred to in Article 26.1. The costs associated with this support
are not included in the agreed prices and payments and shall be borne by the
of the service; payment
The SaaS provided by the supplier shall commence within a
reasonable term following the conclusion of the contract. The customer shall
promptly ensure that it has the facilities required to use the SaaS following
the conclusion of the contract.
The customer shall owe the payment specified in the contract for
the SaaS. In the absence of an agreed payment schedule, all amounts that relate
to the SaaS provided by the supplier shall be payable each calendar month in
of use and restrictions on use
The supplier shall make the agreed computer programs and agreed
user documentation, hereinafter referred to as the ‘software’, available to the
customer for use for the duration of the contract on the basis of a licence for
use. The right to use the software is non-exclusive and may not be transferred,
pledged or sublicensed.
The supplier’s obligation to make available and the customer’s
right of use extend only to the software’s object code. The customer’s right of
use does not extend to the software’s source code. The software’s source code
and technical documentation prepared during the development of the software
shall not be made available to the customer, not even if the customer is
prepared to pay a financial amount for the source code and technical documentation.
The customer shall always strictly comply with the agreed
restrictions on the use of the software, regardless of the nature or content of
If the parties have agreed that the software may only be used in
combination with certain equipment, the customer shall in the event of any
malfunction of this equipment be entitled to use the software on other
equipment with the same qualifications during the time that the original
equipment remains defective.
The supplier may require that the customer only start using the
software after having received one or more codes needed for use from the
supplier, the supplier’s supplier or the producer of the software. The supplier
is always entitled to take technical measures to protect the software against
unlawful use and/or against use in a manner or for purposes other than the
manner or purposes agreed between the parties. The customer shall never remove
or bypass technical measures intended to protect the software or have such
technical measures removed or bypassed.
The customer may only use the software in and for its own company
or organisation and only insofar as doing so is necessary for the intended use.
The customer shall not use the software for third parties, for example in the
context of Software as a Service (SaaS) or outsourcing.
The customer may never sell, rent out, dispose of or grant limited
rights to, or make available to third parties the software and the carriers on
which the software is or will be recorded, in any way whatsoever for whatever
purpose or under whatever title. The customer may also not grant, whether or
not remotely (online), a third party access to the software or place the
software with a third party for hosting, not even if the third party concerned
only uses the software for the customer.
If so requested, the customer shall cooperate without delay in an
investigation into compliance with the agreed restrictions on use carried out
by or for the supplier. Should the supplier so demand, the customer shall grant
the supplier access to its buildings and systems. Insofar as such information
does not concern the use of the software itself, the supplier shall treat all
confidential business information that it obtains from the customer or at the
customer’s business location in the context of an investigation as
The parties maintain that the contract concluded between the
parties, insofar as the object of this contract is the making available of
software for use, shall never be deemed to be a purchase contract.
The supplier is not obliged to maintain the software and/or
provide support to users and/or administrators of the software. If, contrary to
the foregoing, the supplier is asked to perform maintenance work and/or provide
support with respect to the software, the supplier may require that the
customer enter into a separate, written contract for the purpose.
At its discretion, the supplier shall deliver the software on the
agreed type of data carrier or, if no agreements have been made in this regard,
on a type of data carrier determined by the supplier, or shall make the
software available to the customer online. At the supplier’s discretion, any
agreed user documentation shall be made available in printed or digital form in
a language determined by the supplier.
The supplier shall only install the software at the customer’s
business location if this has been agreed between the parties. If no agreements
have been made for the purpose, the customer shall itself install, organise,
parameterise, tune and, if necessary, modify the equipment and operating
If the parties have not agreed an acceptance test, the customer
shall accept the software in the state that it is in when delivered (‘as is,
where is’), therefore with all visible and invisible errors and defects,
without prejudice to the supplier’s obligations under the guarantee scheme as
set out in Article 34. In the aforementioned case, the software shall be deemed
to have been accepted by the customer upon delivery or, if installation by a
supplier has been agreed in writing, upon completion of installation.
The provisions of paragraphs 30.3 up to and including 30.10 shall
apply if an acceptance test has been agreed between the parties. .
In these general terms and conditions, ‘error’ means substantial
failure of the software to meet the functional or technical specifications of
the software expressly made known by the supplier in writing and, if all or
part of the software concerns customised software, to meet the functional or
technical specifications expressly agreed in writing. An error only applies if
it can be demonstrated by the customer and if it is reproducible. The customer
must report errors without delay. Any obligation of the supplier is limited to
errors within the meaning of these general terms and conditions. The supplier
does not have any obligation whatsoever with respect to other defects in or on
the software. .
If an acceptance test has been agreed, the test period shall
amount to 14 days following delivery or, if installation by the supplier has
been agreed in writing, 14 days following the completion of installation. The
customer may not use the software for production or operational purposes during
the test period. The customer shall carry out the agreed acceptance test with
qualified personnel and with sufficient scope and depth. .
If an acceptance test has been agreed, the customer must check
whether the software delivered meets the functional or technical specifications
expressly made known by the supplier in writing and, if and to the extent that
all or part of the software concerns customised software, meets the functional
or technical specifications expressly agreed in writing. .
The parties shall deem the software to have been accepted:
a.if the parties have agreed an acceptance test: on the first day
following the test period, or .
if the supplier receives a test report as referred to in Article
30.7 prior to the end of the test period: at the time at which the errors
stated in this test report have been fixed, notwithstanding the presence of
errors that, according to Article 30.8, do not prevent acceptance, or .
if the customer uses the software in any way for production or
operational purposes: at the time at which this use occurs. .
30.7 If it becomes
apparent during performance of the agreed acceptance test that the software
contains errors, the customer shall report the test results to the supplier in
writing in a clear, detailed and comprehensible manner no later than on the
last day of the test period. The supplier shall strive to the best of its
ability to fix the errors referred to within a reasonable term. The supplier
shall be entitled to install temporary solutions, program bypasses or
problem-avoiding limitations in this regard. .
30.8 The customer may
not refuse to accept the software for reasons that are not related to the
specifications expressly agreed in writing between the parties and,
furthermore, may not refuse to accept the software because of the existence of
minor errors, these being errors that do not reasonably prevent the operational
or productive use of the software, the foregoing without prejudice to the
supplier’s obligation to fix these minor errors in the context of the guarantee
scheme referred to in Article 34. In addition,
acceptance may not be refused because of aspects of the software that can only
be assessed subjectively, such as aesthetic aspects of user interfaces .
30.9 If the software is
delivered and tested in phases and/or parts, non-acceptance of a certain phase
and/or part shall be without prejudice to the acceptance of a previous phase
and/or a different part. .
Acceptance of the software in one of the ways referred to in this
article shall serve to discharge the supplier of its obligations regarding
making the software available and delivering the software and, if installation
of the software by the supplier has also been agreed, of its obligations
regarding installation. Acceptance of the software shall be without prejudice
to the customer’s rights based on Article 30.8 regarding minor defects and
Article 34 regarding the guarantee.
31.1 The supplier shall
make the software available within a reasonable term following the conclusion
of the contract.
31.2 Following the end
of the contract, the customer shall return all copies of the software in its
possession to the supplier without delay. If it has been agreed that the
customer must destroy the copies concerned at the end of the contract, the
customer shall report the destruction of the copies to the supplier in writing
without delay. At or following the end of the contract, the supplier shall not
be obliged to provide assistance for the purpose of a data conversion desired
by the customer.
for the right of use
32.1 The customer must
pay the amount owed for the right of use at the agreed times or, if a time has
not been agreed:
if the parties have not agreed that the supplier shall install the
when the software is delivered;
or, in the case of periodically owed payments for the right of
use, when the software is delivered and subsequently at the start of each new
right of use term;
if the parties have agreed that the supplier shall install the
upon completion of installation;
or, in the case of periodically owed payments for the right of
use, upon completion of installation and subsequently at the start of each new
right of use term.
in the software
33.1 Baring exceptions
provided for by law, the customer may not change all or part of the software
without the prior written permission of the supplier. The supplier is entitled
to refuse or attach conditions to such permission. The customer shall bear the
entire risk of all changes that it makes or changes made by third parties on
its instructions, whether or not with the supplier’s permission.
34.1 The supplier shall
strive to the best of its ability to fix errors within a reasonable term if
these errors are reported in writing in a detailed manner to the supplier
within a period of three months following delivery or, if an acceptance test
was agreed, within three months following acceptance. The supplier does not
guarantee that the software is suitable for actual use and/or the intended use.
The supplier also does not guarantee that the software will operate without
interruption and/or that all errors will always be fixed.
Fixing work shall be carried out free of charge unless the software was
developed on the instructions of the customer other than for a fixed price, in
which case the supplier shall charge for the costs of fixing in accordance with
its usual rates.
34.2 The supplier may
charge for the costs of fixing in accordance with its usual rates if such work
is required as a result of user errors or improper use on the part of the
customer, or as a result of causes that cannot be attributed to the supplier.
The obligation to fix errors shall cease to apply if the customer makes changes
in the software or has such changes made without the supplier’s written
34.3 The fixing of
errors shall take place at a location and in a manner determined by the
supplier. The supplier is entitled to install temporary solutions, program
bypasses or problem-avoiding limitations in the software.
34.4 The supplier is
never obliged to recover data that has been corrupted or lost..
34.5 The supplier does
not have any obligation whatsoever, of whatever nature or content, with respect
to errors reported after the end of the guarantee period referred to in Article
35.1 If and insofar as
the supplier makes third-party software available to the customer, the license
terms of the third parties concerned shall apply in the relationship between
the supplier and the customer with respect to the software instead of the
provisions of these general terms and conditions that differ from those licence
terms, provided that the applicability of the licence terms of the third party
concerned was reported to the customer by the supplier in writing and, in
addition, a copy of the applicable licence terms was made available to the
customer prior to the conclusion of the contract. In derogation from the
provisions of the preceding sentence, the customer shall not be entitled to
invoke failure on the part of the supplier to fulfil the aforementioned
obligation to provide information if the customer is a party as referred to in
Section 235, subsection 1 or subsection 3 of Book 6 of the Dutch Civil Code.
35.2 If and insofar as,
for whatever reason, the terms of third parties referred to above are deemed
not to apply or are declared inapplicable in the relationship between the
customer and the supplier, the provisions of these general terms and conditions
shall apply in full.
Chapter 7. Advice and Consultancy
36 Performance of advisory and consultancy services
The completion time of an assignment in the field of advice and
consultancy depends on various factors and circumstances, such as the quality
of the data and information provided by the customer and the cooperation of the
customer and relevant third parties. Unless otherwise agreed in writing,
therefore, the supplier shall not commit to an assignment completion time in
The supplier’s services shall only be performed on the supplier’s
usual working days and during the supplier’s usual business hours..
The use that the customer makes of advice and/or a consultancy
report issued by the supplier shall always be at the customer’s risk. The onus
to prove that the advisory and consultancy services or the way in which they
are performed are not in conformance with that which has been agreed in writing
or may be expected from a competent supplier acting reasonably is entirely on
the customer, without prejudice to the supplier’s right to furnish evidence to
the contrary through all means.
Without the supplier’s prior written permission, the customer may
not disclose the supplier’s way of working, methods and techniques and/or the
content of the supplier’s advice or reports to third parties. The customer may
not provide the supplier’s advice or reports to a third party or otherwise make
the supplier’s advice or reports public.
In the absence of an expressly agreed payment schedule, all
amounts that relate to the services provided by the supplier as referred to in
this chapter shall be payable each calendar month in arrears.